Abortion is a major, life-changing decision. It terminates a viable pregnancy. Before making this choice, you deserve to be fully informed so that you can decide what is best for you and your life. There are two types of abortion: medical abortion, otherwise known as the abortion pill, and surgical abortion.

The Abortion Pill

The abortion pill involves taking two drugs over a 24 to 48-hour period. According to the Mayo Clinic, the risks of the abortion pill include:

  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
  • An ongoing pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever
  • Digestive system discomfort

The abortion pill drugs cause vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping. Other side effects of the medication may include: nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, diarrhea, and headache.


The first of the two drugs, mifepristone works by blocking progesterone. Progesterone is a necessary hormone to sustain the pregnancy, without it the pregnancy will end.


The second of the two drugs, misoprostol causes uterine contractions and expels both the embryo and pregnancy tissue through the vagina with cramping and bleeding.

Surgical Abortion

A surgical abortion is a medical procedure that ends a pregnancy. It is typically performed in a hospital or clinic setting and is more invasive than the abortion pill. Two common types of surgical abortion procedures include dilation and curettage (D&C) and dilation and evacuation (D&E).

The potential risks of a surgical abortion include:

  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scar tissue on the uterine wall
  • Infection

D&C Abortion

During a dilation and curettage procedure, the provider uses small medical instruments or medication to dilate the cervix. They then use a gentle suctioning technique or an instrument called a curette to remove the uterine tissue.

D&E Abortion

A dilation and evacuation procedure is usually performed during the second trimester of a woman’s pregnancy. It is similar to a D&C abortion, but sometimes requires larger tools like forceps.

Protect Your Health and Safety

Before any abortion procedure, protect health and safety with an ultrasound scan, and speaking to a nurse about your health history. Schedule a free and confidential appointment at our center.

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